the course of study and the degree in law

It is a false belief that only those who have studied humanities can be lawyers. To be sure, the knowledge of Latin can help us understand and memorize certain words and brocardi that lawyers continue to use, with a morbid attachment to tradition. But there are no gender preclusions.

The discourse at the university is different. It is necessary to obtain a degree in law (or “law degree” if you prefer). Currently the course of study foresees the so-called “magistrale degree”, that is a course of five years, with the classic 3 + 2, that is three-year basic degree and specialistic degree.

The degree mark is not influential for the subsequent qualification to the profession.

The internship to become a lawyer
After graduation it is necessary to carry out the legal internship or, as some call it, the apprenticeship. The practice must be carried out in the office of a lawyer who has been enrolled in the register for at least 5 years.

There are no different roads depending on whether you want to become civil or criminal lawyers: you can carry out one or the other activity indifferently, following the same path that we will describe here. The internship lasts 18 months.

However, if the young person has a diploma from the graduate school, he will be able to replace the forensic practice within a year.

During the practice period it is necessary to participate in 20 hearings per semester (60 hearings altogether). The presence of the practitioner at the hearing will be indicated in the report (which is drafted by the registrar or, more often, by the lawyers themselves) and the judge will verify the actual presence of the young person.

The forensic practice is not incompatible with public or private subordinate work, provided that such work is not an obstacle to actually performing the internship.

Graduates enrolled in the practice from 28 September 2018 must attend a training course alongside their 18-month training period. To guarantee homogeneity of preparation and evaluation, the National Forensic Council (Cnf) has developed Guidelines with indications on the contents of the courses, on the accreditation system and on the costs borne by the practitioners. The teaching method indicated by the Guidelines is the “case study” method, in which the teacher submits a controversial case, preferably of an interdisciplinary nature that the trainees will have to “solve”.

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One must know how to “stay a lawyer”

How to become a lawyer? A question to which we could offer two answers: the first, illustrating what are the educational qualifications, the internships, the qualifying exams, the personal conditions and, in short, the whole formal procedure to “make” the lawyer; the second, instead, explaining the motivations, the gifts, the initiative that the lawyer must have in order to really “be” a lawyer. You become a lawyer following a degree course in law and an internship period. Then there is the qualifying examination for the profession, which is both written and oral. But this is not enough.

One must know how to “stay a lawyer” by paying the professional fund, attending professional refresher courses and acquiring some indispensable tools (a telephone / fax line, a Pec, a system for accessing the telematic process). But before explaining how to become a lawyer a clarification that seems obligatory to us: is the profession always the same as it used to be and is it convenient to embrace this path? Here is our point of view about it.

The rules for becoming a lawyer change from time to time, sometimes in order to select, in a more rigorous way, the aspirants to a career that, once endowed with luster, today has lost much of charm and economic appeal: the fees are not more than in the past and the number of citizens who, in exchange for a justice that is not always fair, are willing to wait years and pay exorbitant taxes has drastically decreased. Moreover, the recent reforms have led out of the courts numerous proceedings once exclusively for lawyers,

such as separations and divorces (which today can also be done in common under certain conditions) or transactions (for many causes, today, it is mandatory to attempt a peaceful solution first with a mediation body).

Which led to a further decrease in the demand for lawyers. Nevertheless we cannot deny how the profession of lawyer continues to exercise a certain attraction, if only for the fact that – as well as with medicine – daily life has continuous need of legal knowledge, which alone – in a bureaucratic state like ours – allow, in certain situations, to “survive”. The proof is perhaps the fact that you are now wondering how to become a lawyer.

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